After World War I, several events took place that greatly influenced the fate of the Salonika Jews and symbolized the decrease of the world's biggest Sephardic community. Below you will find a list of years and events that are of importance.
In 1917 a great fire destroyed most of the town, leaving some 55,000 Jews homeless. The Greek government was willing to compensate the Jews whose houses had been destroyed, but refused to let the Jews return to certain parts of the town, causing many of them to emigrate to the U.S., France, Italy, and Alexandria.
In 1919 - 1922 The Greco-Turkish Conflict, resulting in hundreds of thousands of refugees on both sides.
In 1923, a separate electoral college was set up for the Jews of Salonika which enabled several Jews to be elected to parliament, although they could not participate in national elections for the prime minister.
In 1924 a law (no. 236) was enacted which forced all the inhabitants of Salonika to refrain from working on Sundays, thus causing another wave of emigration. Some went to Palestine, while most immigrated to Paris, where they founded an important community.
In the 1931 Campbell riots, which accompanied the elections and were antisemitic in tone. In the film, the narrator mentions the first anti-Semitic riots in Salonika which took place on June 29, 1931 and became known as the Campbell riots.
During the Campbell riots, Greek mobs belonging to the nationalist anti-Semitic party EEE (National Union of Greece) attacked the mainly Jewish neighborhood Campbell and burned it to the ground. As a result of these riots, between 200 and 500 Jewish families emigrated from Greece and left for Palestine. During the 30s, 30,000 Jews would follow them, leaving around 56,000 Jews behind in Salonika.